Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Recovery from complete loss of all online redo log files using RMAN

Database name and version

SQL> select instance_name,version from v$instance;

---------------- -----------------

SQL> select member from v$Logfile;


opsdba:/u02/ORACLE/opsdba>rm redo*.log

If one or all of the online redo logfiles are delete then the database hangs and in the alert log file we can see the following error message:

Tue Jan 30 00:47:19 2007
ARC1: Failed to archive thread 1 sequence 93 (0)
Tue Jan 30 00:47:24 2007
Errors in file /opt/oracle/admin/opsdba/bdump/opsdba_arc0_32722.trc:
ORA-00313: open failed for members of log group 2 of thread 1
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: '/u02/ORACLE/opsdba/redo02.log'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory

The file is missing at the operating system level.

Using RMAN we can recover from this error by restoring the database from the backup and recovering to the last available archived redo logfile.

From the error message in the log file we can get the last archived file in our case it is sequence 92 as the error shows that it fails to archive the log file sequence 93.

SQL> select * from v$Log;

---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --- ---------------- ------------- ---------
         1          1         95   52428800          1 NO  CURRENT                3203078 30-JAN-07
         2          1         93   52428800          1 NO  INACTIVE               3202983 30-JAN-07
         3          1         94   52428800          1 NO  INACTIVE               3203074 30-JAN-07

At the operating system also we can find the last archived logfile:

opsdba:/u02/ORACLE/opsdba/arch> ls –lrt
total 54824
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba        714240 Jan 29 16:02 arch_1_90_613129285.dbf
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba      46281216 Jan 30 00:37 arch_1_91_613129285.dbf
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba         11264 Jan 30 00:41 arch_1_92_613129285.dbf

Shutdown the database

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

Mount the database

SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  167772160 bytes
Fixed Size                  2069680 bytes
Variable Size              92277584 bytes
Database Buffers           67108864 bytes
Redo Buffers                6316032 bytes
Database mounted.

Using RMAN connect to the target database:

opsdba:/u02/ORACLE/opsdba>rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release - Production on Tue Jan 30 00:53:21 2007

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: OPSDBA (DBID=1493612009, not open)

RMAN> run {
2> set until sequence 93;
3> restore database;
4> recover database;
5>  alter database open resetlogs;
6> }

executing command: SET until clause

Starting restore at 30-JAN-07
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=156 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_SBT_TAPE_1
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: sid=155 devtype=SBT_TAPE
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: Data Protection for Oracle: version

channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: starting datafile backupset restore
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
restoring datafile 00001 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/system01.dbf
restoring datafile 00002 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/undotbs01.dbf
restoring datafile 00003 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/sysaux01.dbf
restoring datafile 00004 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users01.dbf
restoring datafile 00005 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users02.dbf
restoring datafile 00006 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users03.dbf
restoring datafile 00007 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users05.dbf
restoring datafile 00008 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users06.dbf
restoring datafile 00009 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users07.dbf
restoring datafile 00010 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/users04.dbf
restoring datafile 00011 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/drtbs1.dbf
restoring datafile 00012 to /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/drtbs2.dbf
restoring datafile 00013 to /tmp/undonew.dbf
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: reading from backup piece 5mi8ornj_1_1
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=5mi8ornj_1_1 tag=TAG20070130T004019
channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:01:06
Finished restore at 30-JAN-07

Starting recover at 30-JAN-07
using channel ORA_DISK_1
using channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1

starting media recovery

archive log thread 1 sequence 92 is already on disk as file /u02/ORACLE/opsdba/arch/arch_1_92_613129285.dbf
archive log filename=/u02/ORACLE/opsdba/arch/arch_1_92_613129285.dbf thread=1 sequence=92
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished recover at 30-JAN-07

database opened


The recovery process creates the online redo logfiles at the operating system level also.

opsdba:/u02/ORACLE/opsdba>ls -lrt redo*
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba      52429312 Jan 30 01:00 redo03.log
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba      52429312 Jan 30 01:00 redo02.log
-rw-r-----    1 oracle   dba      52429312 Jan 30 01:00 redo01.log

Since we have done an incomplete recover with open resetlogs, we should take a fresh complete backup of the database.

NOTE: Please make sure you remove all the old archived logfiles from the archived area.

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